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Grand Canyon
Topic(s):   Natural Wonders
Quick Facts
Continent North America
Country United States
Explorers Francisco Vasquez de Coronado, Major John Wesley Powell

The Grand Canyon is not the deepest canyon in the world. However, it is so large and has so many colors that it is unique.

It is 277 miles long, 18 miles wide and 5,000 feet deep. The Grand Canyon is in Arizona. It was made by the Colorado River.

The Colorado River started carving the canyon six million years ago. It is still shaping it today. It carves the rock. This is called erosion. The water takes away the top layer of rock, so the next layer can be seen. The canyon looks different over time. Its high walls may be black, red, purple or beige. The canyon floor is almost a billion years old.

There are three parts of the Grand Canyon. There are the North Rim, the South Rim and the Inner Canyon. Each part has its own climate and plants. Forests grow on the rims. Desert scrub grows on the canyon floor.

The Pueblo Indians have been living in the canyon for about 1,000 years. The United States Congress made the Grand Canyon a National Park in 1919.

Citation information

APA Style: Grand Canyon. (2014, October). Retrieved from Facts4Me at https://www.facts4me.com

MLA Style: "Grand Canyon." Facts4Me. Oct. 2014. https://www.facts4me.com.

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