The Mississippi River
The Mississippi River
 
 
Marquette and Jolliet charting the Mississippi River
Marquette and Jolliet charting the Mississippi River
 
 
Marquette teaching the Indians
Marquette teaching the Indians
 
 
Marquette and Jolliet exploring the river
Marquette and Jolliet exploring the river
 
 
Portrait of Jacques Marquette
Portrait of Jacques Marquette
 
Marquette and Jolliet
Topic(s):   Explorers
Quick Facts
Full name Pere (Father) Jacques Marquette
Born June 1, 1637 (Laon, France)
Died May 18 or 19, 1675 (near Luddington, Michigan)
Nationality French
Occupation(s) priest, missionary, explorer
Major Achievement(s) discovered a water route from the Great Lakes to the Gulf of Mexico
____________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________
Full name Louis Jolliet
Born before September 21, 1645 (probably Beaupré, Canada)
Died 1700 (Island of Anticosti, Canada)
Nationality French Canadian
Occupation(s) explorer, cartographer (map maker), fur trader
Major Achievement(s) discovered a water route from the Great Lakes to the Gulf of Mexico

What can bring a priest and a fur trader together? The chance to explore! Jolliet wanted to find a way across North America. Marquette was a priest. He wanted to bring Christianity to the Indians. Marquette and Joliet had heard of a big river that flowed south. They wanted to find it and see where it went.

In 1673, Marquette and Jolliet gathered five men and two canoes. The group started in St. Ignace, Michigan. They paddled to Green Bay, Wisconsin. Then they went up the Fox River. The men had to carry their canoes and supplies to the Wisconsin River.

The Wisconsin River led to the Mississippi River. The group went down the Mississippi as far south as the Arkansas River. They knew the Mississippi River did not go west. They were sure that it did go south all the way to the Gulf of Mexico!

Jolliet and Marquette did not want to go farther south. They might run into Spanish soldiers. They paddled north up the Mississippi to the Illinois River. Marquette and Jolliet had heard it was a shortcut back to Lake Michigan. They entered Lake Michigan near what is now Chicago, Illinois. Jolliet and Marquette had traveled 2,500 miles (4,000 km) by canoe.

Marquette was sick and stayed in Green Bay for a while. Then he went to what is now Illinois to teach the Indians. Jolliet went back to Quebec, Canada. He made money as a fur trader. Later, he made maps and taught navigation.

Teacher Resources

Baker, L. F. (2009, July 29). Marquette-Joliet Expedition - Encyclopedia of Arkansas. Retrieved from http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=2208

HowStuffWorks. (n.d.). Louis Joliet. Retrieved June 17, 2013, from http://history.howstuffworks.com/north-american-history/louis-joliet.htm

Encyclopedia Britannica. (n.d.). Jacques Marquette (Jesuit explorer). Retrieved June 17, 2013, from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/366090/Jacques-Marquette

Jacques Marquette, S.J. (n.d.). Retrieved June 17, 2013, from http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/09690a.htm

Kids Encyclopedia – Britannica. (n.d.). Louis Jolliet. Retrieved June 17, 2013, from http://kids.britannica.com/comptons/article-9275175/Louis-Jolliet

The Canadian Encyclopedia. (n.d.). Louis Jolliet. Retrieved June 17, 2013, from http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/louis-jolliet

Marquette, Jacques. (1966). In Dictionary of Canadian Biography (Vol. 1). Retrieved June 17, 2013, from http://www.biographi.ca/009004-119.01-e.php?id_nbr=452

Citation information

APA Style:        Marquette and Joliet. (2013, November). Retrieved from Facts4Me at http://www.facts4me.com

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