Location of the alpine biomes
Location of the alpine biomes
 
 
Alpine grasses
Alpine grasses
 
 
Bristlecone  pine tree
Bristlecone pine tree
 
 
Heath
Heath
 
 
Llamas
Llamas
 
 
Mountain goats
Mountain goats
 
 
Condor
Condor
 
Alpine
Topic(s):   Biomes, Habitats
Quick Facts
Location on mountains; above 10,000 feet
Temperature Range cold all year summer 14F to 70F (-12C to 21C)
Area of coverage 16% of earth's surface 31,510,000 square miles (81,610,000 square kilometers)
Plants Bristlecone pine, heath, moss, wild potato, grasses, dwarf trees
Animals alpacas, llamas, mountain goats, yaks, snow leopards, condors, insects

The alpine biome is one of the coldest biomes on Earth. It is cold, snowy and windy. It is usually below freezing at night. Alpine biomes are located on mountains. They are below the snow line. The altitude is high. The word alpine comes from the word alps. Alps mean high mountains.

In the alpine biome, winter lasts from October to May. Summer may last from June to September. Sunlight in an alpine biome can be dangerous. The high altitude cannot filter the rays. The temperature in an alpine biome can change from warm to freezing in one day!

Plants must adapt to heavy snow and wind in an alpine biome. Plants grow in sandy and rocky soil. Most plants protect themselves by hugging the ground. They are small and grow slowly. There are only about 200 kinds of alpine plants.

Tall trees cannot grow in the alpine biome. The Bristlecone Pine lives there. It is a short tree. The trunk of the pine is twisted from the wind. The Bristlecone pine is the oldest known tree species in the world.

Only warm-blooded animals live in the alpine biome. Some alpine animals adapt to the cold by hibernating. Some move to warmer areas. Others insulate their bodies with layers of fat. Alpine animals will often have shorter legs, tails and ears. The shorter body parts help keep the heat in the body. Alpine animals also have larger lungs. This helps them breathe in high altitudes.

Citation information

APA Style: Alpine. (2014, September). Retrieved from Facts4Me at http://www.facts4me.com

MLA Style: "Alpine." Facts4Me. Sep. 2014. http://www.facts4me.com.

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