Map showing the Arctic Ocean
Map showing the Arctic Ocean
 
 
Icebergs
Icebergs
 
 
Krill
Krill
 
 
Halibut
Halibut
 
 
Arctic seal
Arctic seal
 
 
Walrus
Walrus
 
 
Polar bears
Polar bears
 
Arctic Ocean
Topic(s):   Oceans
Quick Facts
Area 3,700,000 square miles (9,500,000 square kilometers)
Greatest Length North-South 2,630 miles (4,235 kilometers)
Greatest Width none
Average Depth 4,465 feet (1,361 meters)
Greatest Depth Molloy Hole at 18,399 feet (5,608 meters)

The World Ocean circles the whole earth. It is divided into five smaller oceans. The smallest is the Arctic Ocean. It surrounds the North Pole on top of the Earth. The Arctic Ocean touches the continents of Europe, Asia and North America.

The Arctic Ocean is very cold! Ice floats there all the time. Most of the ice is frozen seawater. Some of the ice is from glaciers. In summer the sun is always in the sky. It melts some of the ice. In winter, it is mostly dark. Strong storms can start. They are sometimes called Arctic hurricanes.

The floor of the Arctic Ocean is not as deep as the other oceans. The center area is like a deep bowl. Ridges separate the deep area into smaller bowls.

Many animals live in the Arctic Ocean. Whales eat krill. Krill is a small animal that looks like shrimp. Whales also like a plant called phytoplankton. These tiny plants live near the edges of the sea ice.

Halibut and other fish live on the bottom of the ocean near the coasts.

Seals also find food in the ocean. Walruses look for shellfish to eat. Polar bears live on top of the sea ice. They hunt seals in the water below them. Animals that live in the Arctic have thick layers of fat and fur to keep warm.

Citation information

APA Style: Arctic Ocean. (2012, September). Retrieved from Facts4Me at http://www.facts4me.com

MLA Style: "Arctic Ocean." Facts4Me. Sep. 2012. http://www.facts4me.com.

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