World map showing Antarctica
World map showing Antarctica
 
 
Mount Erebus, an active volcano
Mount Erebus, an active volcano
 
 
Lake Fryxell, a frozen lake
Lake Fryxell, a frozen lake
 
 
Ross Ice Shelf
Ross Ice Shelf
 
 
Sample of Lichen
Sample of Lichen
 
 
Beardmore Glacier
Beardmore Glacier
 
 
Photo of Antarctica taken from space
Photo of Antarctica taken from space
 
Antarctica.
Topic(s):   Continents
Quick Facts
Area 5,400,000 square miles (14,000,000 square kilometers)
Hemisphere Southern
Number of independent Nations 0
Highest Point Vinson Massif at 16,066 feet (4,896 meters) above sea level
Lowest Point sea level
Longest River none
Population 0
Natural Landmarks Beardmore Glacier, Ross Ice Shelf, Mount Erebus

Antarctica is at the bottom of the globe. The Southern Ocean circles all the way around it. The South Pole is in the middle of Antarctica. It is the coldest place on Earth. It is also one of the windiest places. Antarctica is the third smallest continent.

Antarctica has mountains and valleys. It even has lakes. Most of the land is hidden under deep ice. Snow fell on Antarctica for millions of years. The frozen snow makes it the highest continent in the world. Cold air freezes the water around Antarctica. This makes ice shelves. In summer the ice shelves break off. They become giant icebergs.

Not many plants live on Antarctica. Mosses grow near the coast. Algae and lichens grow there, too.

No mammals can live on Antarctica. Tiny animals like fleas and insects live on the coast. Small krill swim in the water near the continent. Blue whales eat the krill near Antarctica. Blue whales are the largest animals in the world. Elephant seals also eat the krill. The Emperor Penguin is Antarctica’s largest bird. The penguins eat food from the water around the continent. They use Antarctica to rest and to raise their babies. Other birds like gulls and terns live in the sky above Antarctica.

No people live in Antarctica. After 1820, explorers came to Antarctica to go to the South Pole. Now scientists come to Antarctica to study the land. Only a few people come to visit the frozen continent.

Citation information

APA Style:        Antarctica. (2014, March). Retrieved from Facts4Me at http://www.facts4me.com

MLA Style:       "Antarctica." Facts4Me. Mar. 2014. http://www.facts4me.com.

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