Side view of an African penguin
Side view of an African penguin
 
 
Front view of an African penguin
Front view of an African penguin
 
 
An African penguin ready to eat
An African penguin ready to eat
 
 
A pair of African penguins
A pair of African penguins
 
 
Walking on the shore
Walking on the shore
 
 
A waddle of penguins
A waddle of penguins
 
African Penguin
Topic(s):   Endangered Animals, Penguins
Quick Facts
Type of Animal bird
Habitat coastline of South Africa
Diet sardines, anchovies, squids, crustaceans
Migration no
Life span 10 years
Male male
Female female
Baby chick
Group adults - waddle; chicks - rookery
Life Span 15 to 20 years (in the wild); more than 30 years (in captivity)
Predators of eggs/young kelp gulls, people taking the eggs
Predators of adult birds cape fur seals, orcas, sharks, oil spills
Endangered yes; loss of habitat, pollution (oil spills), commercial fishing

The African penguin is the only penguin that lives in Africa. It is about two feet tall. It weighs about seven pounds. The African penguin has a black back and a white belly. There are white markings that start on the top of its forehead and run down to its feet.

The African penguin builds its nest by burrowing into sand or guano. Guano is bird droppings that have become very hard. The African penguin is different from other penguins because it can lay eggs any time during the year. It usually lays two eggs. The male and female take turns caring for the eggs and the chicks.

Most penguins live in very cold weather. The African penguin lives in very hot weather. It has many feathers, so it has to do things to keep cool. The African penguin only moves around during dusk and dawn. It makes its nest in the shade. If the penguin does not have eggs or chicks, it will spend the day swimming in the water.

The African penguin is endangered. Water pollution, oil spills and people taking the eggs for food are hurting the African penguin.

Citation information

APA Style: African Penguin. (2013, March). Retrieved from Facts4Me at http://www.facts4me.com

MLA Style: "African Penguin." Facts4Me. Mar. 2013. http://www.facts4me.com.

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