Habitat of the bison
Habitat of the bison
 
 
A bison calf
A bison calf
 
 
An adult bison
An adult bison
 
 
Close-up of a bison's head
Close-up of a bison's head
 
 
Close-up of a bison's eye
Close-up of a bison's eye
 
 
A herd of bison grazing
A herd of bison grazing
 
 
A calf with its cow
A calf with its cow
 
Bison <br>Buffalo
Topic(s):   Grassland Animals, Lewis & Clark Animals, Mammals, Prairie Animals
Quick Facts
Type of Animal mammal
Habitat grassland (prairies)
Diet plants
Male bull
Female cow
Baby calf
Group herd
Predators people
Endangered no

A bison is often called a buffalo. It is also called the American buffalo. It is the largest land animal in North America. Many years ago, millions of bison roamed the plains. Early settlers hunted the bison until they were almost all gone. Laws were made to stop the hunting.

The male bison is called a bull. It is larger than the cow, the female bison. The bull can weigh up to 2,000 pounds (up to 900 kilograms). It is dark brown to black. A young bison is reddish brown. The head, shoulders and front legs are covered with shaggy fur. The bison has a beard and horns. It also has a hump on its back.

The bulls and cows graze together. Bison travel slowly across the plains in herds. But it can run fast for its size. It can reach a speed of 30 miles per hour (48 kilometers per hour).

The bison eats in the morning and evening on grass and twigs. It swallows its food without chewing. Then the food comes back up and the bison chews it. This is called chewing the cud.

Today, most bison live in parks and animal reserves. These are special areas to protect them. Bison can live about 12 to 15 years.

Citation information

APA Style: Bison. (2015, March). Retrieved from Facts4Me at http://www.facts4me.com

MLA Style: "Bison." Facts4Me. Mar. 2015. http://www.facts4me.com.

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