The official portrait of Martha Washington
The official portrait of Martha Washington
 
 
Martha as a young woman
Martha as a young woman
 
 
The marriage of George and Martha
The marriage of George and Martha
 
 
Martha Washington helped the soldiers during the Revolutionary War.
Martha Washington helped the soldiers during the Revolutionary War.
 
 
Martha as the First Lady of the nation
Martha as the First Lady of the nation
 
 
Portrait of Martha and Goerge at home <br>in Mount Vernon
Portrait of Martha and Goerge at home
in Mount Vernon
 
#01 Washington, Martha
Topic(s):   First Ladies (U.S.)
Quick Facts
Full Name Martha Dandridge Custis Washington
Born June 2, 1731 (New Kent County, Virginia)
Died May 22, 1802 (Mount Vernon, Virginia)
Nationality American
First Lady Number 1
Dates in the White House April 30, 1789 to March 3, 1797
Occupation(s) wife, mother
Major Achievement(s) first First Lady, helped during the Revolutionary War

Martha Washington was Americaís first First Lady. She was the first to define the role of the Presidentís wife.

She was a rich girl. Her father was a planter. Martha was taught to read and write. She learned to dance and ride horseback. She was slim with brown hair and hazel eyes. At age eighteen, Martha married Daniel Custis. Martha and Daniel had four children. Only two children lived to be adults. Daniel died eight years later.

Martha Custis was a rich widow when she married George Washington. They moved to George's Mount Vernon estate. During the Revolution, Martha joined George at his winter camps. She tended to her husbandís needs. She nursed the sick. Martha mended uniforms and knit socks.

At the end of the war, the Washingtons returned to Mount Vernon. After her sonís death, Martha raised her two grandchildren.

When George became president, Martha and children moved with him. The White House was not yet built. The Washingtons lived in New York City and Philadelphia. Martha hosted many parties and events. She called on important ladies. She was very kind to war veterans. Martha was known as a good hostess.

The Washingtons retired to Mount Vernon. Martha welcomed invited guests. She was kind to travelers who wanted to meet her famous husband.

After George died in 1799, Martha moved to an attic room in the house. She was very sad. She only wanted to be with family members.

Martha Washington set a fine example for future First Ladies.

Resource information

Bausum, A. (2007). Our country's first ladies. Washington, DC: National Geographic.

Mayo, E. (1996). The Smithsonian book of the first ladies: Their lives, times, and issues. New York: H. Holt.

Pastan, A., & Smithsonian Institution. (2009). First ladies. New York: DK.

Schneider, D., & Schneider, C. J. (2001). First ladies: A biographical dictionary. New York: Facts on File.

Citation information

APA Style:† † † † Martha Washington. (2017, February). Retrieved from Facts4Me at http://www.facts4me.com

MLA Style: † † † "Martha Washington." Facts4Me. Feb. 2017. http://www.facts4me.com.

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