The habitat of the beaver
The habitat of the beaver
 
 
An adult beaver sitting on its tail
An adult beaver sitting on its tail
 
 
Close-up of a beaver's orange teeth
Close-up of a beaver's orange teeth
 
 
A beaver gnawing on a trre
A beaver gnawing on a trre
 
 
Drawing of a beaver lodge
Drawing of a beaver lodge
 
 
A real beaver lodge
A real beaver lodge
 
 
A beaver swimming
A beaver swimming
 
Beaver
Topic(s):   Freshwater Animals, Lewis & Clark Animals, Mammals, Wetland Animals
Quick Facts
Type of Animal mammal
Habitat freshwater streams, lakes, ponds, wetlands
Diet tree bark, water plants, roots, twigs
Male male
Female female
Baby kit, kitten
Group colony
Predators bears, lynx, wolves, otters
Endangered no

A beaver is easy to identify. It has a flat paddle-shaped tail. Its fur is brown, soft and waterproof. It has large orange teeth! A beaver can be up to four feet long. It weighs about 65 pounds (30 kilograms). It is a very good swimmer.

The beaver lives in rivers, streams, marshes, and lakes. It uses tree branches to build its dams and lodges. A pond with a large cone-shaped dome in the middle tells you that a beaver lives nearby.

The beaver never eats meat. In the spring, it eats leaves, shoots, and grasses. In the fall, it eats bark and twigs. A beaver can gnaw through a ten-inch thick tree in less than five minutes. It uses the tree to build its home and dam. Gnawing trees also helps to keep a beaverís teeth from growing too long.

Four to eight beavers make a family group. The group works together on building projects. It communicates by scent. If one beaver slaps its tail on the water with a loud thwack, they all dive deep knowing that danger is nearby. A beaver lives for 10 to 15 years.

The beaver was over-hunted in the early 1800ís. Its fur was popular for hats and coats. Today, the beaver is valued for the rich wetland its dams create.

Resource information

American beaver | Lincoln Park Zoo. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.lpzoo.org/animals/factsheet/american-beaver

Beaver Facts - NatureMapping. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://naturemappingfoundation.org/natmap/facts/beaver_712.html

Beaver Facts Sheet - Canadian Geographic Kids. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.canadiangeographic.ca/kids/animal-facts/beaver.asp

Goddard, J. (2008). Beavers. Danbury, CT: Grolier.

National Audubon Society: Field guide to North American mammals. (1996). New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

Citation information

APA Style:† † † † Beaver. (2013, March). Retrieved from Facts4Me at http://www.facts4me.com

MLA Style: † † † "Beaver." Facts4Me. Mar. 2013. http://www.facts4me.com.

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