Painting of Vasco Nunez de Balboa
Painting of Vasco Nunez de Balboa
 
 
Exploring Pamana
Exploring Pamana
 
 
A map of Balboa's travels
A map of Balboa's travels
 
 
Balboa claiming the Pacific Ocean for Spain
Balboa claiming the Pacific Ocean for Spain
 
 
Statue of Balboa in Spain
Statue of Balboa in Spain
 
Balboa, Vasco
Topic(s):   Explorers
Quick Facts
Full name Vasco Nunez de Balboa
Born 1475 (Jerez de los Caballeros, Spain)
Died January, 1519 (Acia, Panama)
Nationality Spanish
Occupation(s) explorer, governor, soldier
Major Achievement(s) first European to see the Pacific Ocean from its eastern shore

In 1500 Balboa sailed to the New World in search of riches. He did not get rich, though. Balboa decided to become a farmer in Hispaniola. (We call that Haiti and the Dominican Republic, now.) The farm did not do well. Balboa lost all his money. He and his dog stowed away on a ship. The leader of the ship, Enciso, found him. He was going to put Balboa off the ship but Balboa knew a lot about where they were going. Encisco let him stay.

Balboa helped Encisco start a new city, Santa Maria. (It was between what is now Panama and Columbia.) Then he threw out Encisco. Balboa made himself mayor. Later, he helped throw out the governor, too. People liked Balboa better. He became governor.

Balboa explored new lands in what we call Panama. While looking for gold and pearls, he heard of another sea. In 1513, he climbed a mountain and saw the other sea. He was the first European to see the Pacific Ocean from the New World.

Balboa and his men went to the sea. They fought more people and took their riches. They claimed the sea and land for Spain. The king was happy when he heard the news.

Balboa had made enemies. He was forced out as mayor and governor. The new governor did not like him. He was afraid Balboa was after his job. He had Balboa beheaded.

Resource information

Minster, C. (n.d.). Biography of Vasco Nunez de Balboa. Retrieved May 22, 2013, from http://latinamericanhistory.about.com/od/historyofcentralamerica/

Ruiz, B. (2002, April 23). Fernandez Martin de Encisco. Retrieved from http://bruceruiz.net/PanamaHistory/martin_fernandez_de_encisco.htm

Vasco Nunez de Balboa (Spanish explorer). (n.d.). In Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved May 22, 2013, from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/49909/Vasco-Nunez-de-Balboa

Vasco Nunez de Balboa Biography - Biography.com. (n.d.). Retrieved May 22, 2013, from http://www.biography.com/people/

Citation information

APA Style: Vasco Balboa. (2013, March). Retrieved from Facts4Me at http://www.facts4me.com

MLA Style: "Vasco Balboa." Facts4Me. Mar. 2013. http://www.facts4me.com.

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