Beginning the building of the monument
Beginning the building of the monument
 
 
Putting the top on the Washington Monument in 1884
Putting the top on the Washington Monument in 1884
 
 
Statue of George Washington found in the entrance to the monument
Statue of George Washington found in the entrance to the monument
 
 
Donated bricks found inside the monument
Donated bricks found inside the monument
 
 
The Washington Monument today
The Washington Monument today
 
 
Crack in the Monument after an earthquake in 2011
Crack in the Monument after an earthquake in 2011
 
Washington Monument
Topic(s):   American Symbols, Landmarks
Quick Facts
Location: Washington, D.C.
Country: United States
Year(s) built: from 1848 to 1884
Designed by: Original design by Robert Mills; Alterations by Lt.Col.Thomas L.Casey of
Purpose: to honor George Washington

Congress wanted to build a monument to George Washington. Some people wanted a statue of him on a horse. After he died, some wanted a tomb for him in the Capital city, Washington, DC. It was not until the 1830s that a group was formed to raise money for some kind of monument.

The group had a design contest. They chose the design by Robert Mills. It had an obelisk, a tall column that comes to a point. It also had 30 statues of war heroes and one of Washington in a chariot. The group did not raise enough money. They started work in 1848 anyway.

Trouble started in 1854. The money ran out. People disagreed about the project. The Civil War started. Construction was stopped. It was not started again until 1879. Then Congress gave money for the project. They decided to leave out the statues and just build the obelisk. It was finished in 1884.

The Washington Monument is over 555 feet (169 meters) tall. It was the tallest building in the world at the time. It is still the tallest stone structure. It is also the tallest building in Washington D.C. Some people think there is a law saying no buildings in Washington, D.C. can be taller than the Monument. That is not true.

The Washington Monument has 897 steps to the top. The public is not allowed to use them anymore. There is an elevator. It was installed in 1959. The Monument was closed and repaired from 1998 to 2000.

In August of 2011, an earthquake rattled Washington, D.C. As a result, the top of the Washington Monument had cracks in its walls. For safety, the monument was closed to all visitors.

Resource information

About.com. (2013). The Washington Monument. Retrieved from http://usparks.about.com/cs/natlparkbasics/a/washingtonmon.htm

Lane. Sarah. (2012). Washington Monument--History. Retrieved from http://www.classbrain.com/artmonument/publish/washington_monument_history.shtml

National Park Service. Washington Monument. Retrieved from http://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/wash/dc72.htm

Citation information

APA Style: Washington Monument. (2013, October). Retrieved from Facts4Me at http://www.facts4me.com

MLA Style: "Washington Monument." Facts4Me. Oct. 2013. http://www.facts4me.com.

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