Ellis Island near New York City
Ellis Island near New York City
 
 
Immigrants landing on Ellis Island
Immigrants landing on Ellis Island
 
 
An immigrant family coming to America
An immigrant family coming to America
 
 
Immigrants having their eyes examined
Immigrants having their eyes examined
 
 
Waiting to enter America
Waiting to enter America
 
 
The hospitals of Ellis Island
The hospitals of Ellis Island
 
Ellis Island
Topic(s):   American Symbols, Landmarks
Quick Facts
Location: New York City, New York
Country: United States
Year(s) built first building in 1892; second building from 1897 to 1900
Designed by: architects Edward Lippincott Tilton and William Alciphron Boring
Purpose: gateway for immigrants entering the United States; stood for freedom, hope, a new begining

People come to the United States from other countries. If they stay, they are called immigrants. Ellis Island was the entrance to the United States from 1892 to 1954. People had to pass through the Ellis Island before entering the country.

Ellis Island is in the Upper New York Bay near the Statue of Liberty. It was tiny at first. Samuel Ellis bought it in the 1700ís and built a tavern there. Later, it was used to store ammunition. After the Civil War, the federal government took over Ellis Island. The first Immigration Station was built in 1892. In 1897, it burned down.

A new station was opened in 1900. Two new islands were formed. The islands had hospitals on them. Over 12 million people came through Ellis Island on their way to live in the United States.

New arrivals were asked many questions. They were asked their names and what jobs they did. People had to be able to read in their own language. They needed to have some money. They could not be sick. Most spent two to five hours on Ellis Island. They were fed and housed overnight if necessary. Sick people were sent back or kept in the hospital.

Criminals and people with disabilities were kept out. Asians and Communists were banned for a long time. For a while, only a certain number of people from each country could enter.Now the island is a museum.

Ellis Island was damaged by Superstorm Sandy on October 29, 2012. The building was flooded. It lost electricty and heat. A hugh boat slammed into one of the buildings.

It took many workers over a year to repair the Ellis Island Museum. Once again, people can look up their ancestors and learn about immigration.

Resource information

CBS Broadcasting Inc. (2013). Ellis Island Reopens. Retrieved December 11, 2013, from http://newyork.cbslocal.com/2013/01/28/ellis-island-to-reopen-one-year-after-sandys-floods/

History.com. (1996-2011). Ellis Island. Retrieved from http://www.history.com/topics/ellis-island

Liberty Enlightening the World. (2011). History of Ellis Island. Retrieved from http://www.thestatueofliberty.com/ellis_island.html

National Park Service. Ellis Island History--A Brief Look. Retrieved from http://www.nps.gov/elis/historyculture/loader.cfm?csModule=security/getfile&PageID=294652

Citation information

APA Style: Ellis Island. (2013, August). Retrieved from Facts4Me at http://www.facts4me.com

MLA Style: "Ellis Island." Facts4Me. Aug. 2013. http://www.facts4me.com.

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